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Okra is an “Old World” vegetable. The exact place of origin is still matter of debate. Over the centuries, many cultures have embraced okra and used it to create traditional dishes. Mediterranean and African recipes combined with tomatoes a new world fruit were created after the Columbian Exchange. Okra was introduced to the New World by African slaves. This vegetable is still a favorite in the American south.

The Top 10 Patent Law Firms that Lose the Fewest Independent Claims

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48 months from priority date (earliest filing date) days: Examination of patent application starts only after the request for examination is filed. If you are sure and wish to continue further with the patent application, it is advisable to file the request at the earliest.

The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis mystic seers who documented their practices and beliefs in the Upanishads, a huge work containing over scriptures. The Upanishads took the idea of ritual sacrifice from the Vedas and internalized it, teaching the sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, action karma yoga and wisdom jnana yoga.

Classical Yoga In the pre-classical stage, yoga was a mishmash of various ideas, beliefs and techniques that often conflicted and contradicted each other. Written some time in the second century, this text describes the path of Raja Yoga, often called “classical yoga”. Patanjali organized the practice of yoga into an “eight limbed path” containing the steps and stages towards obtaining Samadhi or enlightenment. Post-Classical Yoga A few centuries after Patanjali, yoga masters created a system of practices designed to rejuvenate the body and prolong life.

They rejected the teachings of the ancient Vedas and embraced the physical body as the means to achieve enlightenment. They developed Tantra Yoga, with radical techniques to cleanse the body and mind to break the knots that bind us to our physical existence. This exploration of these physical-spiritual connections and body centered practices led to the creation of what we primarily think of yoga in the West: Modern Period In the late s and early s, yoga masters began to travel to the West, attracting attention and followers.

In the s and 30s, Hatha Yoga was strongly promoted in India with the work of T.

Post-dating of patent applications and its implications

Arranged alphabetically by surname of grantor. Contains the following indexes: A grantor index of deeds that were the subject of court proceedings and the descriptions of which were recorded in four volumes that are possibly no longer extant. Warrant Applications During William Penn’s administration an application was an oral request to locate, rent, or buy a particular piece of land.

Originally, such requests were not recorded but from requests were recorded in the minute books of the Commissioners of Property. After William Penn’s death in no land titles could be granted in Pennsylvania until estate litigation was settled.

In the national phase, the applicant is required to file the national phase patent application in India within 31 months of the international filing date or priority date whichever is earlier. The national phase of a PCT application resembles a national filing in a respective country.

Share this article Share Patent Bolt , which first broke the story, commented: The cuffs could be controlled internally using various sensors that detect when the person locked in them starts to misbehave, or they could be externally activated by a guard U. Patent Application describes a ‘system for restraining detainees through devices attached to the detainees and configured to administer electrical shocks when certain predetermined conditions occur.

Alternatively, whoever is guarding the captive could choose when to administer electric shocks, or a signal could be sent automatically when, for example, the detainee moves beyond a certain range. According to the patent application, safety mechanisms could be included in the control mechanism of the cuffs to stop the detainee from receiving too much current too quickly.

In one embodiment, it could be equipped with sensors to determine just how much electrical current a detainee can take, so that they are not inadvertently killed by the device. For example, if the sensors determine that the captive has a health issue like a weak heart, a warning could be issued to the person or system controlling the device. This could word either by means of a moveable needle or gas injection system, the patent says, and could be in addition or in place of electric shocks.

The Top 10 Patent Law Firms that Lose the Fewest Independent Claims

Today, unmanned aerial vehicles are found throughout the world in fields as diverse as recreation see example 1 and example 2 , surveying See example 1 , example 2 , example 3 , and example 4 , delivery See example 1 and example 2 , and photography. Further, a desire for military applications of UAVs has only increased since initial attempts ended in failure. Given the broad range of countries deploying UAVs and the large number of applications for UAVs, we took a look at patent data from the last 20 years to to determine whether any trends in UAV development could be identified.

Our findings show some surprising results with regard to development and patenting of drone technology. Figure 1, shows patents and pending applications. Currently, China far outpaces other jurisdictions as the preferred location for obtaining UAV patents.

By Amit Koshal The Indian Patents Act, (“the Act”) provides for amendment of an application for a patent or a complete specification or any related document, at any time either before or after grant of the patent, if the Controller so thinks fit and subject to certain conditions.

Noonan — On August 8th, the U. As discussed in an accompanying memorandum from USPTO Director Iancu, this update is part of the Office’s plan to issue updates periodically, on section-by-section, rolling basis; the Director anticipates further future updates “to take into account feedback received from stakeholders, changes in controlling precedent or applicable regulations, or the further refinement of the Board’s practices over time.

As with the practice of having “expanded panels” to promote consistency in decisions, this function further limits the extent to which APJ’s activities are consistent with an independent adjudicatory arm of the USPTO. The following Sections are revised in this update: The revised provisions which contain varying amounts of specific changes and in some instances just update the provisions consistent with PTAB practice are set forth as follows.

Expert Testimony Expert testimony can be entered into evidence with the petition, with the preliminary response, “and at other appropriate stages in a proceeding as ordered or allowed by the panel overseeing the trial.

The Law of Recipes: Are Recipes Patentable?

Email Apple, Microsoft and Samsung are facing litigation from California-based SpeakWare that accuses the technology firms of patent infringement. According to the suit, Apple uses the infringing technology in various devices, including iPhones 6s or later , iPads 6th generation or later and Pro and HomePods. The complaint also references the Apple TV , which works in connection with the aforementioned devices to control appliances.

In some countries, like India, there is an option of post dating the 12 month period by pushing forward the application date of the provisional but the same is not recommended as the patent system follows a first-to-file priority of patents.

India has foiled a major Chinese bio-piracy bid to patent the use of medicinal plants ‘pudina’ mint and ‘kalamegha’ andrographis for the treatment of H5N1 avian influenza or bird flu. TNN Jun 24, , India has foiled a major Chinese bio-piracy bid to patent the use of medicinal plants ‘ pudina ‘ mint and ‘kalamegha’ andrographis for the treatment of H5N1 avian influenza or bird flu.

After receiving exhaustive evidence from CSIR that confirmed India’s stand, the European Patent Office EPO on June 10 cancelled the decision to grant patent to Livzon, a major Chinese pharmaceutical company, on the medicinal properties of pudina and kalamegha for treating bird flu. It all began when Livzon, on January 19, filed a patent application at EPO claiming usefulness of pudina and kalamegha for the treatment of bird flu to be novel. The letter said, “The patent application number EP , titled Chinese traditional medicine composition for treatment of avian influenza, method for preparation, and application thereof, may kindly be referred to wherein the usefulness of andrographis kalamegha and mint pudina for treatment of fever, detoxification and for the treatment of avian influenza, has been claimed to be novel.

Bumble will expand in India with the help of actress Priyanka Chopra

He blogs at MattForney. He is the author of Do the Philippines and many other books, available here. As America becomes increasingly diverse, prospective love tourists have the ability to sample foreign dishes without having to book a flight to the country where they came from. To the uninitiated, Indian girls seem like one of the most enticing items on the menu. Indians combine the worst of their native culture and the worst of American culture in one disgusting, rancid stew.

Mentioned below are the lists of documents that are required to file a provisional patent application in India. A. Form 1 (Application The patent office allocates the filing date and patent application number to the provisional application received. If the complete specification is not filed within 12 months from the filing date of.

In India a provisional patent application is filed to gain the earliest filing date priority date for the invention. Reserving the earliest filing date is important in terms of patent grant process. Post dating of Application In general, post-dating refers to the shift in the Priority date of an application to a later date.

General perception was that the provision of post dating is provided to extend the 12 months time to submit the complete specification after the provisional application. Hence, the question arises does Indian Patent Act has a provision of extending the 12 months time period. Upon review of Section 9 and Section 17, it is observed that both the sections does not contain any provision about shifting the month deadline for filing the complete specification.

Historical Change in Section 9 The Amendments carried out in the Patents Act in deleted the portion of the then-prevalent Section 9 1 which provided that complete specification may be filed at any time after 12 months but within 15 months from the filing of provisional specification if a request in this regard was made to the Controller along with the prescribed fee. Earlier there was a provision in Section 9 1 for extending the time period from 12 months to 15 months to file the complete specification.

Amended Sections Section 17 of the Patent Act Section 17 of the Patents Act, states that at any time after filing an application but before the grant of a patent the applicant may request for post-dating the patent application.

Elon Musk actually files trademark for a Tesla-branded tequila, ‘Teslaquila’

Allowance rate is one of the most common metrics, but allowance rate merely tells us how many applications received NOAs, and nothing of the quality of those applications. Besides merely getting an application allowed, clients are also concerned about the quality and scope of their claims. One way to determine this is by measuring how well a law firm preserves claims through prosecution. The following list is composed of firms that registered no change or a decline in number of claims and is ranked based on percent change between publication and allowance.

Its average number of independent claims at publication is 3. Its average number of independent claims at publication is 2.

Section 17 of the Indian Patents Act provides for postdating of patent applications.

However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo. See the list at the bottom of this post for links to the previous installments. Their main endeavor has been to enforce their compulsory e. K and discretionary e. Nor the evils of the worldwide Islamic Inquisition which — not in the 16th century but now, in the 21st, condemns Muslim apostates to barbaric execution.

The Top 10 Patent Law Firms that Lose the Fewest Independent Claims

The Indian Patents Act facilitates a patent application, whether provisional or non-provisional, to be post-dated under Section 17 of the Patents Act, , to a maximum of six months, from the date of making of such application, provided that the request for post-dating has been filed by the applicant before the grant of the patent.

Similar provisions of post-dating a patent application also exist in New Zealand and United Kingdom. However, the United States of America does not have any provision for post-dating of patent applications. A double edged sword Justice N. In certain cases, post-dating of a patent application may provide the applicants with an extension of time to complete certain post-filing formalities of the patent application.

However the applicant should ensure that the invention covered by the patent application has not been publically disclosed either by the applicant himself or by any third party before post-dating the application.

Post-dating allows the patent application to shift the original application date forward to a later date. Usually, the period to shift the original application date is maximum six months. Some countries such as India, New Zealand and United Kingdom provide an option to extend the period for filing the complete specification up to six months.

Bilski and Rand Warsaw filed a patent application on 10 April for a method of hedging risks in commodities trading via a fixed bill system. Such patent claims are often termed business method claims. Under fixed bill energy contracts, consumers pay monthly prices for their future energy consumption in advance of winter based on their past energy use. The monthly prices remain the same no matter how much energy they then use. Thus, consumers save money relative to others if, for example, a given winter is unusually cold and they use an unusually large amount of energy for heating.

On the other hand, consumers pay more than others if a winter is unusually warm and their energy use is lower than average. Method claim 1 of the patent application claims a three-step method for a broker to hedge risks for purchaser-users of an input of a product or service termed a commodity. For example, an electric power plant might be a purchaser and user of coal, which it purchases from coal-mining companies producer-sellers and uses to make electricity.

Yoga Basics

The preamble to Section 17 clearly states that the provisions of Section 17 are subject to the provisions of Section 9, which means that all sub sections of Section 9 must be complied before implementing Section Sub-section 1 of Section 9 clearly states that where an application for a patent is accompanied by a provisional specification, a complete specification shall be filed within 12 months from the date of filing of the application and if the complete specification is not so filed, the application shall be deemed to be abandoned.

This clearly means that the powers of the Controller under Section 17 for postdating an application are fettered by the provision of Section 9 1 that a complete specification must be filed within 12 months from the date of filing of the application. This issue was considered in the case of Standipack Pvt. This makes it clear that the date of the provisional specification cannot be postdated. In such an event, a practice has arisen by which a formal complete specification is filed within the twelve months period.

MANUAL OF PATENT OFFICE PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Version As modified on March 22, prosecution of patent applications in India. However, it does not constitute rule pre-grant and post grant oppositions. 9. Chapters 10 to 14 cover the post-grant procedures such as maintenance of patent, appeal, revocation, compulsory licensing.

Messenger Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis this week lost a seven-year legal battle over a drug patent in India. In the face of fierce opposition from public health advocates and sections of the domestic drug industry, Novartis stubbornly pursued a patent for its anti-cancer drug imatinib mesylate, marketed in India as Glivec. Novartis also supplies Glivec at no cost to some patients. What made the patenting of Glivec such a major issue was not only the price of this particular drug in the Indian market, but its significance as a policy precedent for the future.

A legal victory for Novartis would have meant a proliferation of patents on a wide range of medicines for a longer period. At each step, Glivec was deemed to be a modified version of a pre drug for which patents cannot be issued under Indian law. From the s, during the negotiations leading up to the formation of the WTO, public health advocates and domestic drug producers mobilised public opinion against looming pharmaceutical patents.

These flexibilities include the right of national governments to define patentability in domestic legislation, limits on data protection, pre- and post-grant opposition to patents, and provisions for the issuing of compulsory licensing. Novartis AG Minor modifications The Novartis case revolved around the definition of the criteria for patentability. The objective is to prevent evergreening: The purpose is to delay the market entry of cheaper generic brands.

Rather, it causes social welfare losses through the stifling of competition. Preventing this type of marginal and trivial patenting will provide stronger incentives for truly innovative research. Indeed, the patent-based business model of the large pharmaceutical companies is detrimental to the global need for affordable medicines meeting real therapeutic needs.

patent procedure , time line and cost of patent filing in India short introduction